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Hemorrhoids
27 Jan' 21

Hemorrhoids

 

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum, while external hemorrhoids develop beneath the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids). Hemorrhoids affect nearly three out of every four adults at some point in their lives. Hemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of factors, although the cause is typically unknownHemorrhoids can be treated successfully with a variety of methods. Many people get comfort by using home remedies and making lifestyle modifications. 

 

Symptoms and signs:

Hemorrhoids have different signs and symptoms depending on the type of hemorrhoid.  

 

External hemorrhoids:   

These are located behind the skin of your anus. The following are possible signs and symptoms:  

  • In your anal region, you may experience itching or inflammation.  
  • Discomfort or pain  
  • Swelling in the area around your anus  

Internal Hemorrhoids:  

Internal hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that form inside the rectum. You can't normally see or feel them, and they rarely cause pain. When passing faces, however, straining or irritation might lead to:  

  • During bowel movements, there is no pain. Small amounts of bright red blood may be found on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.  
  • Hemorrhoid that has prolapsed or protruded past the anal hole, resulting in discomfort 

Thrombosed hemorrhoids: 

When blood pools and forms a clot (thrombus) in the external hemorrhoid, it can cause:  

  • Severe discomfort  
  • Swellinginflammation  
  • Near your anus is a firm bump.  

When should you see a doctor?  

Talk to your doctor if you have bleeding after bowel movements or if your hemorrhoids don't improve after a week of home treatment.  If your bowel habits have changed or your stools have changed in color or consistency, don't assume it's because of hemorrhoids. Other disorders, such as colorectal cancer and anal cancer, can cause rectal bleeding.  If you have a lot of rectal bleeding, lightheadedness, dizziness, or faintness, get help right away. 

Causes: 

Under pressure, the veins around your anus tend to extend and bulge or enlarge. Increased pressure in the lower rectum can cause hemorrhoids if:  

  • During bowel movements, there is a lot of squeezing.  
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods Having persistent diarrhea or constipation  
  • Obesity 
  • Having anal intercourse when pregnant  
  • Consumption of a low-fiber diet  
  • Heavy lifting regularly  

Risk factors:   

Hemorrhoids become more common as you become older. This is due to the weakening and stretching of the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus. This can also happen during pregnancy, as the weight of the fetus puts pressure on the anal region. 

Complications: 

Hemorrhoids can cause a variety of complications, including:  

  • Anemia. Anemia is a condition in which you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to supply oxygen to your cells and is caused by persistent blood loss from hemorrhoids.  
  • Hemorrhoid that has been strangulated. If an internal hemorrhoid's blood supply is cut off, hemorrhoid may become "strangulated," causing excruciating discomfort.  
  • A blood clot has formed. A clot can form in hemorrhoids on rare occasions (thrombosed hemorrhoid). Although it is not hazardous, it can be exceedingly painful and must be lanced and drained on occasion. 

Prevention:  

Keeping your faces soft and easy to pass is the greatest approach to avoid hemorrhoids. Follow these guidelines to prevent hemorrhoids and alleviate their symptoms:  

  • Consume foods that are high in fiber. Increase your consumption of fruits, veggies, and whole grains. This softens and bulks up the stool, which helps you prevent the straining that might lead to hemorrhoids. To avoid gas problems, gradually increase your fiber intake.  
  • Drink a lot of water. To keep stools soft, drink six to eight glasses of water and other liquids (not alcohol) each day.  
  • Take a look at fiber supplements. The majority of people do not consume the recommended amount of fiber in their diet, which is 20 to 30 grams per day. Over-the-counter fiber supplements, such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel), have been found in studies to improve overall symptoms and hemorrhoid bleeding.   
  • Drink as least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day if you take fiber supplements. Constipation might be caused or worsened if you don't take the vitamins.  
  • Don't overwork yourself. When trying to pass a stool, squeezing and holding your breath puts more pressure on the veins in the lower rectum.  
  • As soon as you feel compelled, leave. If you put off passing a bowel movement until the desire passes, your stool may dry out and become difficult to pass.  
  • Exercise. Stay moving to avoid constipation and relieve pressure on the veins. Exercising might also help you lose weight, which could be causing your hemorrhoids.  
  • Sitting for long periods should be avoided. Sitting for an extended period, especially on the toilet, can put pressure on the veins in the anus. 

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