S10.Clinic For Patients
Blog Contact us
× For Patients Blog Contact Us

Visual stories

Categories

AIDS
27 Jan' 21

AIDS

 

AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is a chronic, possibly fatal condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV weakens your body's ability to fight infection and disease.  

HIV is a sexually transmitted infection that affects men and women alike (STI). It can also be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding by contact with infected blood. It could take years without medicine for HIV to damage your immune system to the point where you develop AIDS.  

Despite the fact that there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, medications can greatly slow the progression of the disease. These drugs have reduced AIDS fatalities in several developed countries.  

Symptoms  

Symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary depending on the stage of infection.  

 From the beginning, there was infection (Acute HIV)  

Some HIV patients get a flu-like illness within two to four weeks of the virus entering their bodies. HIV infection that is primary (acute) is a short-term illness that can last a few weeks.. Primary (acute) HIV infection is a short-term sickness that can last a few weeks. The following are examples of possible indications and symptoms:  

  • Fever  
  • Headache  
  • Muscle aches and pains in the joints  
  • Rash  
  • Painful oral sores and a sore throat  
  • Lymph glands are swollen, mostly in the neck  
  • Diarrhea  
  • Loss of weight  
  • Cough  
  • Sweats at night 

Infection that is clinically latent (Chronic HIV)  

At this stage of infection, HIV is still present in the body and white blood cells. However, many people may not have any symptoms or infections throughout this time.  

This phase can last for years if you aren't taking antiretroviral medicine (ART). Some people are more likely to get a severe form of the disease than others. 

Symptoms of HIV infection  

 As the virus spreads and damages your immune cells (the cells in your body that help fight viruses), you may have mild infections or persistent signs and symptoms. 

  • Fever 
  • Fatigue  
  • Swollen lymph nodes are one of the most common early indications of HIV infection.  
  • Diarrhea  
  • Loss of weight  
  • Yeast infection in the mouth (thrush)  
  • Shingles are a type of roofing material that is used (herpes zoster)  
  • Pneumonia 
  •  Progression to AIDS  

 Most people with HIV in the United States today do not get AIDS as a result of improved antiviral therapy. If left untreated, HIV usually develops to AIDS in 8 to 10 years. 

When you get AIDS, your immune system is seriously harmed. You'll be more susceptible to opportunistic infections and malignancies, which are diseases that would not normally cause illness in someone with a sound immune system.  

Some of these illnesses may cause the following signs and symptoms:  

  • Sweats
  • Chills  
  • Fever that keeps coming back  
  • Diarrhea that persists  
  • Lymph glands swollen  
  • On your tongue or in your mouth, persistent white patches or odd lesions  
  • Fatigue that persists despite a lack of explanation  
  • Weakness  
  • Loss of weight  
  • Rashes or pimples on the skin 

Read More Rheumatic Fever

Causes  

A virus is responsible for the transmission of HIV. It can be passed from mother to kid by sexual contact or blood, or during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.  

How can HIV progress to AIDS?  

HIV damages CD4 T cells, which are white blood cells that assist your body fight disease. Your immune system grows weaker as your CD4 T cells decrease.  

Before AIDS develops, you might have an HIV infection for years with little or no symptoms. AIDS is diagnosed when your CD4 T cell count falls below 200 or you develop an AIDS-defining consequence, such as a severe infection or cancer.  

HIV infection and its spread  

In order to contract HIV, infected blood, sperm, or vaginal secretions must enter your body. This can happen in a number of ways:  

By having a sexual relationship. You may become infected if you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected partner.  

For example, by replacing needles. Sharing infected IV drug accessories (needles and syringes) increases your risk of developing HIV and other infectious diseases such as hepatitis. 

Blood transfusions are to blame. The virus can be spread through blood transfusions in some situations. The danger of infection is quite low in the United States since hospitals and blood banks test the blood supply for HIV antibodies.  

Breast-feeding, as well as throughout pregnancy and delivery. Infected mothers can pass the virus on to their children. During pregnancy, HIV-positive moms who receive treatment for their condition can significantly lower the risk to their unborn children.  

What makes you think HIV won't spread?  

HIV infection is not spread through normal social interactions. That means you can't obtain HIV or AIDS via hugging, kissing, dancing, or shaking hands with someone who has it. 

HIV is not transmitted through the air, water, or bites of insects. 

Factors that are at risk  

HIV/AIDS can infect anyone of any age, color, gender, or sexual orientation. However, you're most likely to contract HIV/AIDS if you:  

Have sex that isn't under the protection of the law. Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex. Anal intercourse has a greater danger than vaginal sex. Your HIV risk increases if you have multiple sexual partners.  

Have you contracted a sexually transmitted infection? (STI). Open sores on your genitals are a common symptom of many sexually transmitted diseases (STIs). HIV is able to enter your body through these sores. 

Use intravenous drugs. IV drug users frequently share needles and syringes. This exposes them to blood droplets from other people. 

Complications  

HIV infection lowers your immune system, making you more susceptible to infections and malignancies of all forms.  

HIV/AIDS-related infections  

Pneumocystis pneumonia is a type of pneumonia caused by the bacteria Pneumocy (PCP). . This fungal infection has the potential to be quite dangerous. Despite the fact that it has decreased considerably with current HIV/AIDS medications, PCP remains the most common cause of pneumonia in HIV-positive people in the United States.  

Humans are infected with Candidiasis, a parasitic infection (thrush). Candidiasis is a rather common HIV-related infection. In your lips, tongue, throat, and vaginal area, it causes swelling and a thick, white covering.  

Tuberculosis of the lungs is a kind of tuberculosis that affects the lungs (TB). In resource-poor nations, tuberculosis is the most prevalent opportunistic infection associated with HIV. Among AIDS patients, it is the leading cause of death.  

Cytomegalovirus. Body fluids such as saliva, blood, urine, sperm, and breast milk spread the herpes simplex virus. A healthy immune system inactivates the virus, which then remains dormant in your body. The infection resurfaces if your immune system weakens. You won't be able to spread the virus to others if your viral load remains undetectable - a blood test shows no virus. Using TasP entails taking your medication exactly as directed and visiting your doctor on a regular basis.  

If you've been exposed to HIV, you should take post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Contact your doctor or go to the emergency room if you fear you've been exposed to sex, needles, or at work. Taking PEP as soon as possible, ideally within the first 72 hours, will drastically minimize your chances of contracting HIV. You must take the drug for a total of 28 days.  

Every time you have sex, use a new condom. Every time you have anal or vaginal intercourse, use a fresh condom. Use a new condom every time you have anal or vaginal intercourse.Condoms can be weakened and broken by oil-based lubricants. 

Only if you do not already have an HIV infection will your doctor give these medications for HIV prevention. Before you start taking PrEP, you'll need an HIV test, and then every three months after that for the rest of your life. Before taking Truvada, your doctor will evaluate your kidney function and repeat the test every six months.  

You must take the medications on a daily basis. They won't protect you from other STIs, so you'll still need to be careful with your sex. Before starting treatment for hepatitis B, you should be assessed by an infectious disease or liver expert.  

If you have HIV, tell your sexual partners. It's critical to inform everyone of your current and previous sexual partners that you have HIV. They'll have to be put to the test.  

Make sure you're using a fresh needle. If you inject drugs with a needle, make sure it's sanitary and don't share it. Benefit from needle-exchange initiatives.

For expert advice at just Rs 100/- click here 

Comments

Write your first comment.

Leave us reply:

Related Blogs

Is Zika virus contagious?
07 Nov' 21

Is Zika virus contagious?

The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first discovered in monkeys in Uganda in 1947. It was originally detected i...
Why jaundice occurs in newborn?
07 Nov' 21

Why jaundice occurs in newborn?

The majority of newborn newborns turn a little yellow. This condition, known as jaundice, is a very frequent and typically harmles...
Psoriasis treatment
07 Nov' 21

Psoriasis treatment

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, itchy scaly patches on the knees, elbows, trunk, and scalp, among other places. Ps...
What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?
07 Nov' 21

What are the effects of Raynaud's disease?

Raynaud's illness (ray-NOSE) causes numbness and coldness in some parts of your body, such as your fingers and toes, in response t...
How rickets affect your life?
07 Nov' 21

How rickets affect your life?

Rickets is a condition in which children's bones soften and deteriorate as a result of a severe and long-term vitamin D deficit. G...
Scurvy explained
07 Nov' 21

Scurvy explained

Scurvy, also known as severe vitamin C deficiency, is a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic a...
How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?
07 Nov' 21

How does alkaptonuria affect the human body?

Alkaptonuria, sometimes known as "black urine illness," is a rare genetic disorder in which the body is unable to fully break down...
Why does vertigo keep coming back?
07 Nov' 21

Why does vertigo keep coming back?

Vertigo is a sense of being thrown off balance. You may feel as if you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning if yo...
Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned
07 Nov' 21

Yes, the Bubonic Plague is still present, but there's no need to be concerned

The plague is a dangerous bacterial infection spread mostly by fleas. Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that causes plague, dwells in...
Why leprosy is referred to as living death?
07 Nov' 21

Why leprosy is referred to as living death?

Leprosy is a contagious disease that causes disfiguring skin sores and nerve damage in the arms, legs, and other regions of the bo...
Which toxin causes scarlet fever?
07 Nov' 21

Which toxin causes scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria from the group A family. This illness affects a small perc...
Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can benign prostatic hyperplasia be cured?

The most frequent benign tumor in males is benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is a noncancerous growth of the prostate gland. BP...
Can glaucoma be cured?
07 Nov' 21

Can glaucoma be cured?

Glaucoma is a set of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the retina to the brain and...
Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and treatment

The infection of the female reproductive organs is known as a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It usually happens when bacteria ...
Will appendicitis go away?
07 Nov' 21

Will appendicitis go away?

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch on the lower right side of your belly that projects from yo
Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment
07 Nov' 21

Hepatitis A symptoms and treatment

Hepatitis A is a liver infection brought on by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The virus is spread largely when an uninfected (and un...
Will ulcerative colitis go away ?
07 Nov' 21

Will ulcerative colitis go away ?

The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) ulcerative colitis causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the digestive tract. The innermo...
What causes a urinary tract infection?
07 Oct' 21

What causes a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) affects any component of your urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra...
What causes Anemia ?
07 Oct' 21

What causes Anemia ?

Anemia is a disorder in which the blood has an insufficient number of red blood cells. Anemia can make it harder for tissues to ac...
Can tetanus kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Can tetanus kill you ?

Tetanus is a dangerous nervous system infection caused by toxin-producing bacteria. Muscle spasms, particularly in the jaw and nec...
Will Lyme disease kill you ?
07 Oct' 21

Will Lyme disease kill you ?

Lyme disease is caused by four different bacterium types. Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii in t...
Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Wilsons Disease symptoms and treatment

Wilson's illness is a rare genetic condition in which copper builds up in the liver, brain, and other important organs. Wilson's i...
Cholera
07 Oct' 21

Cholera

Cholera is a bacterial infection spread by drinking polluted water. Cholera causes dehydration and severe diarrhea. Cholera, if le...
Retinoblastoma
07 Oct' 21

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that starts in the retina, which is the delicate inner lining of your eye. Retinoblastoma i...
Irritable bowel syndrome
07 Oct' 21

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects the large intestine and is a prevalent condition. Cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, ...
Kawasaki disease criteria
07 Oct' 21

Kawasaki disease criteria

Swelling (inflammation) of the walls of medium-sized arteries throughout the body is a symptom of Kawasaki illness. It is primaril...
Xeroderma pigmentosum
07 Oct' 21

Xeroderma pigmentosum

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a relatively rare skin disorder in which a person is extremely photosensitive, has rapid skin ageing...
Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment
07 Oct' 21

Parkinson's disease symptoms and treatment

This degenerative condition, which usually strikes adults over the age of 65, gradually robs people of their motor abilities, leav...
Keratosis pilaris
07 Oct' 21

Keratosis pilaris

Keratosis pilaris is a benign skin disorder that develops dry, rough patches and little bumps on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks, a...
Tuberculosis
07 Oct' 21

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially fatal infectious illness affecting mostly the lungs. Tuberculosis bacteria are communicated fro...
Rheumatic Fever
07 Oct' 21

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition that can arise from untreated strep throat or scarlet fever. An infection with the st...
Kwashiorkor
07 Oct' 21

Kwashiorkor

What is the cause of kwashiorkor? Lack of protein in the diet causes Kwashiorkor. Protein is found in every cell in your body...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
07 Oct' 21

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Lupus is a disease in which the immune system of your body assaults your tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Lupus can induce...
Measles
07 Oct' 21

Measles

Measles, often known as rubeola, is a dangerous illness that can be fatal in young children. Despite the fact that death rates hav...
Shigella
07 Oct' 21

Shigella

Shigellosis (Shigella infection) is an intestinal infection caused by the shigella bacteria family. The most common symptom of shi...
Hemorrhoids
07 Oct' 21

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoi...
What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?
07 Oct' 21

What is fatty liver disease and what can be done about it?

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a condition characterized by abnormal fat deposition in the liver, is on the rise in th...
What exactly is Dengue Fever?
07 Oct' 21

What exactly is Dengue Fever?

Dengue viruses are transmitted to humans via mosquito bites from infected Aedes species (Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus). Dengu...
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?
07 Oct' 21

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, What Exactly is PCOS?

Skin and hair problems are often the most visible symptoms of PCOS, and thus the cause for seeking medical help. Menstrual abnorma...
World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery
07 Sep' 21

World heart day 2021: Heart Attack Symptoms, Risk and Recovery

When one or more regions of the heart muscle are deprived of oxygen, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) occurs. When blood sup...
Rabies
07 Sep' 21

Rabies

Rabies is a lethal virus that can be avoided. If bitten or scratched by a rabid animal, it can transmit to humans and pets. Rabies...
Black fungus: All you need to know
07 Sep' 21

Black fungus: All you need to know

Amid the fear of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new sickness has developed as an epidemic in areas of India. Mucormycosis, often known a...
Deep Vein Thrombosis
07 Sep' 21

Deep Vein Thrombosis

When a cut is sealed, blood clots can save your life. When they form inside an artery or vein, they can be hazardous, even fatal. ...